Sobbing, sneezing and nasal congestion, sneezing Red, watery, itchy eyes? It must be allergy season!
With spring flowers and warming weather also comes pesky allergens. Like other allergies, eye allergies may seasonally or year round. Seasonal allergies are usually caused by exposure to allergens such as pollen flowers, grass, trees and even mold spores.
These allergens make contact with the conjunctiva and the allergic reaction starts. It is the over-reaction of the immune system when we are in contact with particular allergens. The body’s immune system has a perceived threat and releases antibodies which starts a cascade reaction causing swelling and production of mucous as a result of the release of histamines by the body.
Allergic conjunctivitis is more common in adults than in children, but does occur at any age. Allergic conjunctivitis occurs rapidly, due to exposure to pollen, grass, dust mites, chemicals, certain. It may be acute or chronic.
Acute allergic conjunctivitis is a fast response of the eye to an allergens. Symptoms include itching, redness, and sometimes swelling of the eyelids. The itching actually gets worse when you rub your eyes. In severe case the eyelids can swell closed due to the excessive inflammatory response.
With the diagnosis of acute allergic conjunctivitis, oral antihistamines can help from the inside, but often isn’t enough to manage the conjunctivitis. Most acute allergic reactions will require prescription medications prescribed by Dr. Ozment at Optique Professional Eye Care in Tulsa or BA Eye Site in Broken Arrow.
Chronic allergic conjunctivitis is often less severe manifestation, but with more stubborn symptoms. Acute conjunctivitis usually occurs when limited exposure to irritants and is then removed, while chronic conjunctivitis is the result of prolonged exposure to the allergen. Chronic Allergic conjunctivitis often occurs when someone lives with a pet with allergies or because of seasonal hay fever, which occurs in many areas in spring and autumn. OTC allergy medications are a good way to start the treating chronic allergies. However, prescription eye drops with mast cell stabilizers are very effective long term treatment for chronic allergic conjunctivitis.
Tired of suffering with your itchy, red, swollen, watery eyes? Call (918)743-9918 and make an appointment with Dr. Ozment at Optique Professional Eye Care.