Keratoconus is a corneal disease that is progressive. The typical round cornea thins and bulges into a cone-like shape. This causes distorted vision and can even be painful. It often begins in a person’s 20s or late teens.
There are a few theories about the causes of keratoconus. Genetic predisposition, excessive rubbing, UV light, chronic eye irritation are a few of the theories that may explain keratoconus. It is thought that there is an imbalance of enzymes in the retina weakening the structure of the cornea making it more susceptible to damage from free radicals.
The customary treatment is gas permeable contact lenses. These provide a stable surface on the cornea to allow for the best possible vision. Corneal cross-linking is one of the latest treatments which use a combination of riboflavin and a specific wavelength of light to help stiffen the cornea structure.
There are times when surgical intervention for keratoconus has to be performed. Surgical options range from intacts being implanted in the corneal periphery to help the structure and provide stability to corneal transplants.
Optique Professional Eye Care can diagnose and manage keratoconus. Call and schedule a consultation with Dr. Ozment to explore your options.